Darkness and Death

Then the Lord said to Moses, “Stretch out your hand toward the sky so that darkness spreads over Egypt—darkness that can be felt.”  So Moses stretched out his hand toward the sky, and total darkness covered all Egypt for three days.  No one could see anyone else or move about for three days. Yet all the Israelites had light in the places where they lived.

Then Pharaoh summoned Moses and said, “Go, worship the Lord. Even your women and children may go with you; only leave your flocks and herds behind.”

But Moses said, “You must allow us to have sacrifices and burnt offerings to present to the Lord our God.  Our livestock too must go with us; not a hoof is to be left behind. We have to use some of them in worshiping the Lord our God, and until we get there we will not know what we are to use to worship the Lord.”

But the Lord hardened Pharaoh’s heart, and he was not willing to let them go.  Pharaoh said to Moses, “Get out of my sight! Make sure you do not appear before me again! The day you see my face you will die.”

 “Just as you say,” Moses replied. “I will never appear before you again.”

Now the Lord had said to Moses, “I will bring one more plague on Pharaoh and on Egypt. After that, he will let you go from here, and when he does, he will drive you out completely. Tell the people that men and women alike are to ask their neighbors for articles of silver and gold.”  (The Lord made the Egyptians favorably disposed toward the people, and Moses himself was highly regarded in Egypt by Pharaoh’s officials and by the people.)

So Moses said, “This is what the Lord says: ‘About midnight I will go throughout Egypt.  Every firstborn son in Egypt will die, from the firstborn son of Pharaoh, who sits on the throne, to the firstborn son of the female slave, who is at her hand mill, and all the firstborn of the cattle as well.  There will be loud wailing throughout Egypt—worse than there has ever been or ever will be again.  But among the Israelites not a dog will bark at any person or animal.’ Then you will know that the Lord makes a distinction between Egypt and Israel.  All these officials of yours will come to me, bowing down before me and saying, ‘Go, you and all the people who follow you!’ After that I will leave.” Then Moses, hot with anger, left Pharaoh.

The Lord had said to Moses, “Pharaoh will refuse to listen to you—so that my wonders may be multiplied in Egypt.”  Moses and Aaron performed all these wonders before Pharaoh, but the Lord hardened Pharaoh’s heart, and he would not let the Israelites go out of his country.

–          Exodus 10:21-Exodus 11:10


The fifth angel poured out his bowl on the throne of the beast, and its kingdom was plunged into darkness. People gnawed their tongues in agony and cursed the God of heaven because of their pains and their sores, but they refused to repent of what they had done.

–          Revelation 16:10-11



First, the details of the next two plagues of Egypt:



Plague 9, Darkness, Exodus 10:21-29

How was it initiated:  Moses stretches hand.

What / Who were affected:  Darkness fell upon Egypt, but not on the land of Goshen.

Could the Egyptian Magicians duplicate the miracle:  No mention of the magicians.

In Pharaoh’s Response, who was in control: Pharaoh’s heart was hardened by God.  He refused to have Moses appear before him again.

Relief from Plague:  The darkness lasted for three days.

Similar Plague of the End Times:  Revelation 16:10-11, When the angel poured out the fifth bowl onto the throne of the beast, the beast’s kingdom was thrust into darkness.



Plague 10, Death of the First Born, Exodus 11:1- Exodus 12:42

How was it initiated:  Moses warns the people of Israel and instructs them as to the rules of the Passover.  The angel of death descended about midnight.

What / Who were affected:  The firstborn of everyone without the blood sign from the Passover lamb was killed, from Pharaoh’s son to the slave’s son, including livestock.

Could the Egyptian Magicians duplicate the miracle:  No mention of the magicians.

In Pharaoh’s Response, who was in control: Pharaoh let the people go.  The Egyptians were glad to give them silver and gold, just so they would leave.  Pharaoh’s heart was hardened by God and he followed them to the Red Seas where his entire army was lost.

Relief from Plague:  The sign on the door posts and lentil was a sign to pass over the house.  The angel of death did not kill anyone at those houses.

Similar Plague of the End Times:  With the sacrifice of Jesus, there is no further need of the Passover.  Yet, when it comes to death in the End Times, it starts with the rider of the red horse making the people kill one another.  With the black horse led to famine.  Throughout the sounding of the seven trumpets, people died.  As the hail fell upon the pouring of the seventh bowl, people died.


Some have speculated that the darkness was an eclipse, but an eclipse does not last for three days.  At this point, Pharaoh cannot stand the sight of Moses.  Good thing that Pharaoh was in the dark.


I don’t know if they can do it anymore, but some cave tours used to turn the lights out to let people experience total darkness.  Someone would probably sue the tour company these days.


We don’t realize how much light there is at night.  It hampers our ability to see the stars.  I went to Philmont scout ranch a second time, this time with my family.  My wife and I were taking classes.  One night, I went with a group into the mountains to do an overnight campout with the ten-year-olds.  My older son was 10 at the time.  One of the other guys pointed out a cluster of stars and asked me how many stars I could see.  I counted seven stars.  He said that the constellation was Pleiades, or the seven sisters.  If we had a haze from artificial light nearby, we’d only see a single blob.  Up on the mountain and away from the base camp, there were no other lights in the distance, and that night was perfectly clear.  You could clearly see all seven stars with no need of a telescope.  There is always some light nearby, unless you are in a cave or far away from civilization.


Many people are afraid of the dark, but they have never experienced total darkness.  Imagine total darkness for three days.


Regarding the reference from Revelation, as I have mentioned in another post, the unrepentant of the earth did not complain about their bad sunburn pain until the lights went out.  With nothing to keep their minds busy, their minds were focused on the pain.  In the dark, they complained, not of the darkness, but the pain.


The final plague, death of the first-born, is the most important.  All of the other plagues built up to this point.  Our salvation was shown in ancient Egypt as the first Passover ‘saved’ and freed the people of Israel.  Jesus, God’s one and only Son (thus ‘first born’), came to earth to take the place of the Passover lamb.  Then Jesus died during the Passover celebration to save us.


The build-up of all of the plagues showed God’s power and God’s wrath, but the tenth plague was God’s promise that there was a path of salvation to those that believe, trust, and follow Jesus, the perfect Passover Lamb.


Soli Deo Gloria.  To God alone be the Glory.



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  1. I liked this a lot . Thanks for drawing comparisons on the plagues of Exodus to Revelation.

    Liked by 1 person

    • It was one of those perfect storms. I was reading Exodus for my daily Bible reading, and our Sunday school class is studying Revelation. When I started this, I mentioned that an old Sunday school teacher from about 30 years ago taught a class on the plagues that I always remember when reading those chapters. Then it hit me regarding the similarities in Exodus and Revelation.

      Only God could bring those things together at the same time.

      I am glad that you liked the study, but God guided me along the path.

      Liked by 1 person

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