OT History Part 1 – Joshua 1-2

Note:  I was praying over what to start after I finished Daniel.  I asked my wife if she had a preference.  As I bowed my head and asked God, silently, should I offer some suggestions as to what I have been thinking?  Should I say “Joshua, Judges, and Ruth?”  At that very moment that my mind thought Joshua, my wife said, “Why not Joshua?”  That was all I needed to hear.  I was also thinking of going back to the New Testament and doing Acts, or doing some of the poetry like Proverbs, Ecclesiastes and Song of Solomon, but maybe that can be the next journey.  When you look at how many chapters there are in the Bible, I will probably not be able to finish them all.

After the death of Moses the servant of the Lord, the Lord said to Joshua son of Nun, Moses’ aide: “Moses my servant is dead. Now then, you and all these people, get ready to cross the Jordan River into the land I am about to give to them—to the Israelites. I will give you every place where you set your foot, as I promised Moses. Your territory will extend from the desert to Lebanon, and from the great river, the Euphrates—all the Hittite country—to the Mediterranean Sea in the west. No one will be able to stand against you all the days of your life. As I was with Moses, so I will be with you; I will never leave you nor forsake you. Be strong and courageous, because you will lead these people to inherit the land I swore to their ancestors to give them.
“Be strong and very courageous. Be careful to obey all the law my servant Moses gave you; do not turn from it to the right or to the left, that you may be successful wherever you go. Keep this Book of the Law always on your lips; meditate on it day and night, so that you may be careful to do everything written in it. Then you will be prosperous and successful. Have I not commanded you? Be strong and courageous. Do not be afraid; do not be discouraged, for the Lord your God will be with you wherever you go.”
So Joshua ordered the officers of the people: “Go through the camp and tell the people, ‘Get your provisions ready. Three days from now you will cross the Jordan here to go in and take possession of the land the Lord your God is giving you for your own.’”
But to the Reubenites, the Gadites and the half-tribe of Manasseh, Joshua said, “Remember the command that Moses the servant of the Lord gave you after he said, ‘The Lord your God will give you rest by giving you this land.’ Your wives, your children and your livestock may stay in the land that Moses gave you east of the Jordan, but all your fighting men, ready for battle, must cross over ahead of your fellow Israelites. You are to help them until the Lord gives them rest, as he has done for you, and until they too have taken possession of the land the Lord your God is giving them. After that, you may go back and occupy your own land, which Moses the servant of the Lord gave you east of the Jordan toward the sunrise.”
Then they answered Joshua, “Whatever you have commanded us we will do, and wherever you send us we will go. Just as we fully obeyed Moses, so we will obey you. Only may the Lord your God be with you as he was with Moses. Whoever rebels against your word and does not obey it, whatever you may command them, will be put to death. Only be strong and courageous!”

  • Joshua 1:1-18

Then Joshua son of Nun secretly sent two spies from Shittim. “Go, look over the land,” he said, “especially Jericho.” So they went and entered the house of a prostitute named Rahab and stayed there.
The king of Jericho was told, “Look, some of the Israelites have come here tonight to spy out the land.” So the king of Jericho sent this message to Rahab: “Bring out the men who came to you and entered your house, because they have come to spy out the whole land.”
But the woman had taken the two men and hidden them. She said, “Yes, the men came to me, but I did not know where they had come from. At dusk, when it was time to close the city gate, they left. I don’t know which way they went. Go after them quickly. You may catch up with them.” (But she had taken them up to the roof and hidden them under the stalks of flax she had laid out on the roof.) So the men set out in pursuit of the spies on the road that leads to the fords of the Jordan, and as soon as the pursuers had gone out, the gate was shut.
Before the spies lay down for the night, she went up on the roof and said to them, “I know that the Lord has given you this land and that a great fear of you has fallen on us, so that all who live in this country are melting in fear because of you. We have heard how the Lord dried up the water of the Red Sea for you when you came out of Egypt, and what you did to Sihon and Og, the two kings of the Amorites east of the Jordan, whom you completely destroyed. When we heard of it, our hearts melted in fear and everyone’s courage failed because of you, for the Lord your God is God in heaven above and on the earth below.
“Now then, please swear to me by the Lord that you will show kindness to my family, because I have shown kindness to you. Give me a sure sign that you will spare the lives of my father and mother, my brothers and sisters, and all who belong to them—and that you will save us from death.”
“Our lives for your lives!” the men assured her. “If you don’t tell what we are doing, we will treat you kindly and faithfully when the Lord gives us the land.”
So she let them down by a rope through the window, for the house she lived in was part of the city wall. She said to them, “Go to the hills so the pursuers will not find you. Hide yourselves there three days until they return, and then go on your way.”
Now the men had said to her, “This oath you made us swear will not be binding on us unless, when we enter the land, you have tied this scarlet cord in the window through which you let us down, and unless you have brought your father and mother, your brothers and all your family into your house. If any of them go outside your house into the street, their blood will be on their own heads; we will not be responsible. As for those who are in the house with you, their blood will be on our head if a hand is laid on them. But if you tell what we are doing, we will be released from the oath you made us swear.”
“Agreed,” she replied. “Let it be as you say.”
So she sent them away, and they departed. And she tied the scarlet cord in the window.
When they left, they went into the hills and stayed there three days, until the pursuers had searched all along the road and returned without finding them. Then the two men started back. They went down out of the hills, forded the river and came to Joshua son of Nun and told him everything that had happened to them. They said to Joshua, “The Lord has surely given the whole land into our hands; all the people are melting in fear because of us.”

  • Joshua 2:1-24

Noted Biblical Scholars, Teachers, and Preachers Comments

Joshua 1 ‘Introduction’: “The first of the historical books is Joshua. It begins with a story of victory as Israel enters the Land of Promise—the place God wanted them to possess ever since He brought them out of Egypt. There is a parallel here to the Christian life. As Christians, we are not only called out of a wilderness, but we are also called into an inheritance, the Land of Promise.
“Unfortunately, many of us are quite content to be brought out of Egypt—the world and its ways of bondage—but we never get around to entering the Promised Land. We have faith enough to leave Egypt, but we falter in the wilderness. We fail to lay hold of the faith that takes us over the Jordan and into the Land of Promise.
“But in the book of Joshua, we see God’s pattern for victory. We see Israel entering the land. We see Israel’s errors and its triumphs as the book of Joshua traces for us the experience of conquest.”

  • Ray C. Stedman, Adventuring through the Bible

Joshua 1:1-9 ‘Prediction of the Promised Land’: “With Joshua’s ascension to leadership following the death of Moses (1:1), the Lord made Joshua a promise of His personal divine presence throughout Israel’s conquest of Canaan. Included within that promise were explicit, measurable territorial dimensions that correspond with the boundaries mentioned in the initial promises of land in the Abrahamic Covenant (Genesis 13:14-17; 15:18-21; 17:7-8; 22:16-18; 26:3-5; 28:13; 35:12) and reiterated to Moses (Exodus 3:15-17; 6:8; 23:23; Deuteronomy 1:7; 11:24-25).
“Israel successfully conquered vast amounts of territory under Joshua, but the narratives of both Joshua and the opening chapters of Judges are quite clear that the nation in no way came close to possessing all the land God had promised. Indeed, Hess takes this opening text as a broad outline of the conquest and a summary of the book of Joshua itself (Hess, Joshua, p. 68). While the nation always held a divinely bestowed title to the entirety of the Promised Land as their divine inheritance (Hebrew,
nachala), Israel’s complete possession and enjoyment of that land depended on its national obedience to the Mosaic Covenant. As Woudstra (The Book of Joshua, p. 60) points out, ‘Only during the period of Israel’s greatest territorial expansion, under David and Solomon, were these boundaries approximated.’
“Even under the monarchy’s greatest territorial hegemony, however, the scriptural account makes clear that much of the Gentile regions were mere tributary nations, under Israel’s military control only, not yet incorporated into Israel proper (1 Kings 4:21). The balance of scriptural revelation discloses that Israel’s possession of the land, settled by Jews from promised border to promised border, awaits future fulfillment within the context of the messianic kingdom (for example, Amos 9:14-15).”

  • Tim LaHaye and Ed Hindson, Exploring Bible Prophecy

Joshua 1:2 ‘saved to holiness: “May we not only be saved from but saved to. Saved from sin—that makes us safe. Saved to holiness—that makes us happy. May we realize our completeness in Christ this day and cease from the wanderings of fear. It is time we took possession of that goodly heritage the Lord has made our own, for in Christ Jesus ‘we have obtained an inheritance’ and have the guarantee of it in our possession of the Spirit of God. We have lingered long enough in the wilderness.”

  • Charles H. Spurgeon, from sermon notes

Joshua 1:5 ‘God is God of all, not Moses’ God’: “We cannot think rightly of God until we begin to think of Him as always being there, and there first. Joshua had this to learn. He had been so long the servant of God’s servant Moses, and had with such assurance received God’s word at his mouth, that Moses and the God of Moses had become blended in his thinking, so blended that he could hardly separate the two thoughts; by association they always appeared together in his mind. Now Moses is dead, and lest the young Joshua be struck down with despair God spoke to assure him, ‘As l was with Moses, so l will be with thee’ (Joshua 1:5; 3:7). Nothing had changed and nothing had been lost. Nothing of God dies when a man of God dies.
“’As l was—so I will be.’ Only God could say this. Only the Eternal One could stand in the timeless l AM and say, ‘l was’ and ‘l will be.’
“Here we acknowledge (and there is fear and wonder in the thought) the essential unity of God’s nature, the timeless persistence of His changeless being throughout eternity and time. Here we begin to see and feel the eternal continuum. Begin where we will, God is there first. He is Alpha and Omega, the beginning and the ending, which was and which is and which is to come, the Almighty. If we grope back to the farthest limits of thought where imagination touches the pre-creation void, we shall find God there. In one unified present glance He comprehends all things from everlasting, and the flutter of a seraph’s wing a thousand ages hence is seen by Him now without moving His eyes.”

  • A. W. Tozer, God’s Pursuit of Man

Joshua 1:7 ‘God’s promises’: “The promises God gave Joshua were broadly comprehensive and exceedingly encouraging. But Joshua was not to say to himself, ‘These covenant engagements will surely be fulfilled, and I may therefore sit still and do nothing.’ Because God had decreed that the land should be conquered, Joshua was to be diligent to lead the people onward to battle; he was to use the promise as a belt with which to prepare himself for future activity. Let us always so regard the gracious promises of our God. We would sin against him most ungratefully and detestably were we to say to ourselves, ‘God will not desert his people; therefore, let us venture into sin.’ And we are almost equally wicked if we whisper in our minds, ‘God will assuredly fulfill his own decrees and give the souls of his redeemed as a reward to his Son Jesus; therefore, let us do nothing and refrain from zealous Christian service.’ We are exhorted continually to be at work for Christ, since we are saved in order that we may serve him in the power of the Holy Spirit, with heart, and soul, and strength.”

  • Charles H. Spurgeon, from a sermon illustration

Joshua 1:8 ‘This Book of the Law’: “A reference to Scripture, specifically Genesis through Deuteronomy, written by Moses (cf. Ex. 17:14; Deut. 31:9-11, 24). meditate in it. To read with thoughtfulness, to linger over God’s Word. The parts of Scripture they possessed have always been the main spiritual food of those who served Him, e.g., Job (Job 23:12); the psalmist (Ps. 1: 1-3); Jeremiah (Jer. 15:16); and Jesus (John 4:34). Prosperous … good success. The promise of God’s blessing on the great responsibility God has given Joshua. The principle here is central to all spiritual effort and enterprise, namely, the deep understanding and application of Scripture at all times.”

  • John MacArthur, John MacArthur Commentary (quoted Scripture without bold/italics)

Joshua 1:9 ‘The Lord is with us’: “The Lord is with us. And, since the Lord is near, everything is different. Everything!
“You may be facing death, but you aren’t facing death alone; the Lord is with you. You may be facing unemployment, but you aren’t facing unemployment alone; the Lord is with you. You may be facing marital struggles, but you aren’t facing them alone; the Lord is with you. You may be facing debt, but you aren’t facing debt alone; the Lord is with you.
“Underline these words:
You are not alone.
“Your family may turn against you, but God won’t. Your friends may betray you, but God won’t. You may feel alone in the wilderness, but you are not. He is with you.”

  • Max Lucado, Traveling Light

Joshua 1:12-18 ‘The Trans-Jordanian pact’: “The Trans-Jordanian tribesmen demonstrate the proper reaction of God’s people to his chosen leader (1:12-18). Their faithfulness is all the more impressive in that they are the ones who stand to realize the least personal gain from obedience; they already have their inheritances. Their obedience demonstrates faith since their own families and goods will be vulnerable to attack while the men are away.
“First, they affirm that they will obey Joshua with the same obedience they gave to Moses, the first and greatest of the theocratic leaders. Second, they wish for God’s presence with Joshua (v. 17b); this is significant since God’s presence with his people is one of the great theological themes of the book. Third, they vow to support Joshua’s leadership by imposing the death penalty on those who are disobedient. And, finally, they add their weight to the recurrent covenant challenge to ‘be strong and courageous’ (v. 18b).”

  • Walter A. Elwell, editor, Baker Commentary on the Bible

Joshua 1:13-18 ‘The Lord … is giving you this land’: “God gave these tribes the lands directly across the Jordan River on the east (cf. Num. 32). Yet, it was their duty to assist the other tribes of Israel to invade and conquer their allotted land to the west.”

  • John MacArthur, John MacArthur Commentary (quoted Scripture without bold/italics)

Joshua 1:16-17 ‘The officers encourage their leader’: “The pronoun ‘they’ probably refers to all the officers Joshua had addressed and not to the leaders of the two and a half tribes alone. What an encouragement they were to their new leader!
“To begin with, they encouraged him by assuring him of their complete obedience (vv. 16—17a). ‘Command us and we will obey! Send us and we will go!’ These officers had no hidden agendas, and they asked for no concessions. They would obey all his commands and go wherever he would send them. We could use that kind of commitment in the church today! Too many times we are like the men described in Luke 9:57-62, each of whom put something personal ahead of following the Lord.
“In his novel
The Marquis of Lossie, author George MacDonald has one of the characters say, ‘I find the doing of the will of God leaves me no time for disputing about His plans.’ That’s the attitude Joshua’s officers displayed. They were not so attached to Moses that they put him above Joshua. God had appointed both Moses and Joshua, and to disobey the servant was to disobey the Master. Joshua didn’t have to explain or defend his orders. He simply had to give the orders, and the men would obey them.
“The officers encouraged Joshua by praying for him (v. 17). “The LORD thy God be with thee, as he was with Moses.” The best thing we can do for those who lead us is to pray for them daily and ask God to be with them. Joshua was a trained man with vast experience, but that was no guarantee of success. No Christian worker succeeds to the glory of God apart from prayer. ‘Is prayer your steering wheel or your spare tire?’ asked Corrie ten Boom, a question that especially applies to those in places of leadership. When Joshua did not pause to seek the mind of God, he failed miserably (Josh. 7 and 9), and so will we.”

  • Warren W. Wiersbe, Be Strong

Joshua 2 ‘Introduction’: “What was the first enemy the Israelites faced on the other side of the Jordan? Jericho—that walled super fortress of a city. Their own weapons seemed feeble and useless compared with those unassailable walls. They asked themselves, ‘How can we prevail over a city like this?’
“Have you ever faced an obstacle that that seemed insurmountable? An opponent who mocks and belittles you? A task that is beyond your strength or an illness that won’t go away? That is your Jericho. The siege of Jericho symbolizes the world in its assault on the Christian—and it symbolizes our Lord’s enabling victory over the world.”

  • Ray C. Stedman, Adventuring through the Bible

Joshua 2:1-2 ‘historical and theological’: “Chapter 2 illustrates the twofold role played by many of the episodes recorded in Joshua-the historical role and the theological role. From the historical perspective, this account records a spy expedition, a natural step in an invasion. But the high point and theme of this account is the conversion of a Canaanite clan to Yahwism.
“Events quickly lead up to a dramatic decision on Rahab’s part (2:1-2). Joshua sends out the spies, and they try to make themselves inconspicuous in Rahab’s establishment. Rahab’s profession is not completely clearcut. She may have been a cultic religious prostitute, an honorable status in most of the world at that time. Under that title she could have operated a public establishment of some other sort, such as an inn. On the other hand, she could have been a professional courtesan. In either case, her house would have been a place where strangers might try to blend anonymously into a crowd and where they would be recognized as suspicious by the king’s agents.”

  • Walter A. Elwell, editor, Baker Commentary on the Bible

Joshua 2:1 ‘two men … to spy’: “These scouts would inform Joshua about various features of the topography, food, drinking water, and defenses to be overcome in the invasion. Acacia Grove … Jericho. The grove (cf. 3:1) was situated in foothills about seven miles east of the Jordan River, and Jericho lay seven miles west of the river. house of a harlot. Their purpose was not impure; rather, the spies sought a place where they would not be conspicuous. Resorting to such a house would be a good cover, from where they might learn something of Jericho. Also, a house on the city wall (v. 15) would allow a quick getaway. In spite of this precaution, their presence became known (vv. 2, 3). God, in His sovereign providence, wanted them there for the salvation of the prostitute. She would provide an example of His saving, by faith, a woman at the bottom of social strata, as He saved Abraham at the top (cf. James 2:18-25). Most importantly, by God’s grace she was in the Messianic line (Matt. 1:5).”

  • John MacArthur, John MacArthur Commentary (quoted Scripture without bold/italics)

Joshua 2:4-5 ‘Cf. verses 9-11’: “Lying is sin to God (Ex. 20:16), for He cannot lie (Titus 1:2). God commended Rahab’s faith (Heb. 11:31; James 2:25) as expressed in verses 9-16, not her lie. He never condones any sin; yet, none of us are without some sin (cf. Rom. 3:23), thus the need for forgiveness. But He also honors true faith, small as it is, and imparts saving grace (Ex. 34:7).”

  • John MacArthur, John MacArthur Commentary (quoted Scripture without bold/italics)

Joshua 2:6 ‘stalks of flax’: “These fibers, used for making linen, were stems about three feet long, left to sit in water, then piled in the sun or on a level roof to dry.”

  • John MacArthur, John MacArthur Commentary (quoted Scripture without bold/italics)

Joshua 2:8-11 ‘Confident faith’: “Faith is only as good as its object. Some people have faith in faith and think that just by believing they can make great things happen. Others have faith in lies, which is not faith at all but superstition. I once heard a psychologist say that the people in a support group ‘must have some kind of faith, even if it’s faith in the soft drink machine.’ But faith is only as good as its object. How much help can you get from a soft drink machine, especially after you’ve run out of money?
“D. Martyn Lloyd—]ones reminds us that ‘faith shows itself in the whole personality.’ True saving faith isn’t just a feat of intellectual gymnastics by which we convince ourselves that something is true that really isn’t true. Nor is it merely a stirring of the emotions that gives us a false sense of confidence that God will do what we feel He will do. Nor is it a courageous act of the will whereby we jump off the pinnacle of the temple and expect God to rescue us (Matt. 4:S-7). True saving faith involves ‘the whole personality’: the mind is instructed, the emotions are stirred, and the will then acts in obedience to God.”

  • Warren W. Wiersbe, Be Strong

Joshua 2:8-11 ‘Rahab’s faith’: “This brings us to the climax of the passage: Rahab’s statement of faith (2:8-11). Her faith is tied in with God’s great deeds. God’s great deeds are highly significant in the Old Testament. These great, miraculous deeds show that God was present with and working for his people. There were two reactions to hearing these deeds. First, the nations could fall into demoralization as the Canaanites did, or they could hear, praise God, and accept him in faith as Rahab did (v. 11). As always in the Old Testament the content of faith is not the full New Testament knowledge of redemption. Rahab’s confession expresses the faith appropriate for the knowledge available to her.”

  • Walter A. Elwell, editor, Baker Commentary on the Bible

Joshua 2:11, 15, 16 ‘God in heaven above and on earth beneath’: “Rahab confessed the realization that God is the sovereign Creator and sustainer of all that exists (cf. Deut. 4:39; Acts 14:15; 17:23-28), thus the supreme one.
“Her home was on the city wall, with the Jordan River (v. 7) to the east. The rugged mountains to the west provided many hiding places.”

  • John MacArthur, John MacArthur Commentary (quoted Scripture without bold/italics)

Joshua 2:18 ‘cord’: “A different word from rope (v. 15). Scarlet, unlike drab green, brown, or gray, is more visible to mark the house for protection. The color also is fitting for those whose blood (v. 19) was under God’s pledge of safety.”

  • John MacArthur, John MacArthur Commentary (quoted Scripture without bold/italics)

Joshua 2:21 ‘tying a scarlet cord and hanging it out the window’: “This small matter of obedience, as some call it, had an important symbolic significance. I am not sure the spies meant by it that the scarlet thread would be the same to Rahab as the blood on the lintel and the side posts had been to Israel in Egypt, but it does strike me as being probable. Those two men were so acquainted with the Passover, the sprinkling of the blood, and the consequent preservation of all in this house that it was natural they should give Rahab a sign like the token God had ordained for his people Israel when his angel passed them by in the day of doom. Therefore, trifling as the color oi the cord might seem, it had a deep significance—and even so the commands of God, which are little in themselves, are great in symbolic teaching. Great errors have come into the Christian church by the alteration of simple points in God’s commands. Since a little thing in the sign may involve a great thing in the substance, it becomes us to cultivate exact obedience.
“Rahab tied the scarlet line not in some secret part of the house but in the window. It was her public declaration of faith, although only those understood it who were in the secret with her. She hung out the red signal from the window where it could be seen by those who needed to see it. It was not that she was ostentatious and wished to attract attention, but she was bound to make a public sign and she did it. Some believe in my Lord Jesus and yet have never united with his people. They are resting in him but are mightily afraid that anybody should know it. Do not be ashamed of Jesus. The wonder is that he is not ashamed of us. If he was not ashamed to take on him our nature and die for us, we need never blush to acknowledge his name.”

  • Charles H. Spurgeon, from sermon notes

Joshua 2:22-24 ‘’: “The spies, hidden in the opposite direction from where they are being sought, wait until the search is finished and then return to Joshua (2:22-24). The fear and demoralization of the Canaanites, as reported to Joshua, is one of the expected results of hearing of God’s great deeds.”

  • Walter A. Elwell, editor, Baker Commentary on the Bible

My Thoughts

In Joshua 1, “be strong and courageous” is the dominant expression.  It is mentioned four times in this short chapter.  The Lord immediately talks to Joshua.  As Rev. Tozer wrote in the quote above, Joshua had to know that God was not simply the God of Moses, but that God was in Joshua’s presence as Joshua was in the presence of the Lord.  In truly believing in God, we can all have strength and courage.

When Moses had been in the presence of the Lord, it showed on Moses’ face.  This trait is not recorded here, but the people did not hesitate to accept Joshua as their leader.  Joshua had already been a military leader. In Exodus 17:8-16, Joshua led the Army against Amalek and defeated them.  For the Israelites to win, Aaron and Hur had to hold up Moses’ arms who in turn held the staff for Joshua to have the upper hand.  Later, Joshua became one of the first set of spies who entered the Promised Land.  He and Caleb were the only two who had favorable reports.  This may have been on his mind when he sent only two spies to Jericho rather than a spy from each tribe.  The romantic in me thinks that one of the spies was Salmon, father of Boaz, whose mother was Rahab (Matthew 1:5), but the text does not identify the spies or the tribe that provided them.

But when someone is another person’s right-hand man, sometimes “right-hand man” is what everyone thinks.  In this case, they accept Joshua.  The point made here about the Trans-Jordanian tribes is that the agreement that they made with Moses was confirmed to be binding with Joshua.  The land would be conquered by strong and brave men from all twelve tribes.

The story of the two spies and Rahab is well covered by the scholars.  It is possible that she was a shrine prostitute as opposed to simply a woman of ill repute, but she recognized that the Israelite God was not to be trifled with.  If she was a shrine prostitute, she may have known better than most that her gods were powerless.  As the Baker Commentary states, she may have only had a small amount of faith, based on the only information that she had, but she acted on that faith to risk her life for the people of a God who, somehow, she knew that she could trust.

Some Serendipitous Reflections

“1. Which command given to Joshua (vv.5-9) would be the toughest for you to obey? Why?
“2. Which of his promises would be most helpful to you, if you were left ‘on your own’? Why’?
“3. What challenge lies before you now? What do you fear might hinder you? Who can you rally to help you?
“4. How have members of your group helped you in the past? How might they again?
“1. Rahab‘s actions spare her family. What can you do to help insure the salvation of your family? What ‘scarlet thread’ (or life-line) will you hold out, and hold onto, for life?
“2. When told of how God has worked through those ‘on the other side,’ how do you respond: With fear? Jealousy? Vicarious joy? Inspired faith?
“3. What great things has God done ‘on your side’ that might offer hope to others? What groups of people live ‘on the other side,’ whom you need to reach out in Christian love to include in your circle?”

  • Lyman Coleman, et al, The NIV Serendipity Bible for Study Groups

There are one set of questions for each chapter.

Substitute whatever group for any reference to a small group.

If you like these Thursday morning Bible studies, but you think you missed a few, you can use this LINK. I have set up a page off the home page for links to these Thursday morning posts. I will continue to modify the page as I add more.

Soli Deo Gloria.  Only to God be the Glory.

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