NT Prophecy – Revelation 19-20

After this I heard what sounded like the roar of a great multitude in heaven shouting:
“Hallelujah!
Salvation and glory and power belong to our God,
    for true and just are his judgments.
He has condemned the great prostitute
    who corrupted the earth by her adulteries.
He has avenged on her the blood of his servants.”
And again they shouted:
“Hallelujah!
The smoke from her goes up for ever and ever.”
The twenty-four elders and the four living creatures fell down and worshiped God, who was seated on the throne. And they cried:
“Amen, Hallelujah!”
Then a voice came from the throne, saying:
“Praise our God,
    all you his servants,
you who fear him,
    both great and small!”
Then I heard what sounded like a great multitude, like the roar of rushing waters and like loud peals of thunder, shouting:
“Hallelujah!
    For our Lord God Almighty reigns.
Let us rejoice and be glad
    and give him glory!
For the wedding of the Lamb has come,
    and his bride has made herself ready.
Fine linen, bright and clean,
    was given her to wear.”
(Fine linen stands for the righteous acts of God’s holy people.)
Then the angel said to me, “Write this: Blessed are those who are invited to the wedding supper of the Lamb!” And he added, “These are the true words of God.”
At this I fell at his feet to worship him. But he said to me, “Don’t do that! I am a fellow servant with you and with your brothers and sisters who hold to the testimony of Jesus. Worship God! For it is the Spirit of prophecy who bears testimony to Jesus.”
I saw heaven standing open and there before me was a white horse, whose rider is called Faithful and True. With justice he judges and wages war. His eyes are like blazing fire, and on his head are many crowns. He has a name written on him that no one knows but he himself. He is dressed in a robe dipped in blood, and his name is the Word of God. The armies of heaven were following him, riding on white horses and dressed in fine linen, white and clean. Coming out of his mouth is a sharp sword with which to strike down the nations. “He will rule them with an iron scepter.” He treads the winepress of the fury of the wrath of God Almighty. On his robe and on his thigh he has this name written:
                           king of kings and lord of lords.
And I saw an angel standing in the sun, who cried in a loud voice to all the birds flying in midair, “Come, gather together for the great supper of God, so that you may eat the flesh of kings, generals, and the mighty, of horses and their riders, and the flesh of all people, free and slave, great and small.”
Then I saw the beast and the kings of the earth and their armies gathered together to wage war against the rider on the horse and his army. But the beast was captured, and with it the false prophet who had performed the signs on its behalf. With these signs he had deluded those who had received the mark of the beast and worshiped its image. The two of them were thrown alive into the fiery lake of burning sulfur. The rest were killed with the sword coming out of the mouth of the rider on the horse, and all the birds gorged themselves on their flesh.

  • Revelation 19:1-21

And I saw an angel coming down out of heaven, having the key to the Abyss and holding in his hand a great chain. He seized the dragon, that ancient serpent, who is the devil, or Satan, and bound him for a thousand years. He threw him into the Abyss, and locked and sealed it over him, to keep him from deceiving the nations anymore until the thousand years were ended. After that, he must be set free for a short time.
I saw thrones on which were seated those who had been given authority to judge. And I saw the souls of those who had been beheaded because of their testimony about Jesus and because of the word of God. They had not worshiped the beast or its image and had not received its mark on their foreheads or their hands. They came to life and reigned with Christ a thousand years. (The rest of the dead did not come to life until the thousand years were ended.) This is the first resurrection. Blessed and holy are those who share in the first resurrection. The second death has no power over them, but they will be priests of God and of Christ and will reign with him for a thousand years.
When the thousand years are over, Satan will be released from his prison and will go out to deceive the nations in the four corners of the earth—Gog and Magog—and to gather them for battle. In number they are like the sand on the seashore. They marched across the breadth of the earth and surrounded the camp of God’s people, the city he loves. But fire came down from heaven and devoured them. And the devil, who deceived them, was thrown into the lake of burning sulfur, where the beast and the false prophet had been thrown. They will be tormented day and night for ever and ever.
Then I saw a great white throne and him who was seated on it. The earth and the heavens fled from his presence, and there was no place for them. And I saw the dead, great and small, standing before the throne, and books were opened. Another book was opened, which is the book of life. The dead were judged according to what they had done as recorded in the books. The sea gave up the dead that were in it, and death and Hades gave up the dead that were in them, and each person was judged according to what they had done. Then death and Hades were thrown into the lake of fire. The lake of fire is the second death. Anyone whose name was not found written in the book of life was thrown into the lake of fire.

  • Revelation 20:1-15

Noted Biblical Scholars, Teachers, and Preachers Comments

Revelation 4-19 ‘The Hymns of Heaven’: “Rev. 4:8: ‘The four living creatures, each having six wings, were full of eyes around and within. And they do not rest day or night, saying: ‘Holy, holy, holy, Lord God Almighty, Who was and is and is to come?’
“Rev. 4:11: ‘You are worthy, O Lord, to receive glory and honor and power; for You created all things, and by Your will they exist and were created.’
“Rev. 5:9, 10: ‘And they sang a new song, saying: “You are worthy to take the scroll, and to open its seals; for You were slain, and have redeemed us to God by Your blood out of every tribe and tongue and people and nation, And have made us kings and priests to our God; and we shall reign on the earth?” ‘
“Rev. 5:12: ‘saying with a loud voice: “Worthy is the Lamb who was slain to receive power and riches and wisdom, and strength and honor and glory and blessing!” ‘
“Rev. 5:13: ‘And every creature which is in heaven and on the earth and under the earth and such as are in the sea, and all that are in them, I heard saying: “Blessing and honor and glory and power be to Him who sits on the throne, and to the Lamb, forever and ever!” ‘
“Rev. 7:12: ‘saying: “Amen! Blessing and glory and wisdom, thanksgiving and honor and power and might, be to our God forever and ever. Amen.” ‘
“Rev. 11:17, 18: ‘saying: “We give You thanks, O Lord God Almighty, the One who is and who was and who is to come, because you have taken Your great power and reigned. The nations were angry, and Your wrath has come, and the time of the dead, that they should be judged, And that you should reward Your servants the prophets and the saints, and those who fear Your name, small and great, and should destroy those who destroy the earth.” ‘
“Rev. 15:3, 4: ‘They sing the song of Moses, the servant of God, and the song of the Lamb, saying: “Great and marvelous are Your works, Lord God Almighty! Just and true are Your ways, O King of the saints! Who shall not fear You, O Lord, and glorify Your name? For You alone are holy. For all nations shall come and worship before You, for Your judgments have been manifested?” ‘
“Rev. 16:5: ‘And I heard the angel of the waters saying: “You are righteous, O Lord, the One who is and who was and who is to be, because You have judged these things. For they have shed the blood of saints and prophets, and You have given them blood to drink. For it is their just due.” ‘
“Rev. 19:1: ‘After these things I heard a loud voice of a great multitude in heaven, saying, “Alleluia! Salvation and glory and honor and power belong to the Lord our God!” ‘
“Rev. 19:3: ‘Again they said, “Alleluia! Her smoke rises up forever and ever!” ‘
“Rev. 19:5: ‘Then a voice came from the throne, saying, “Praise our God, all you His servants and those who fear Him, both small and great!” ‘
“Rev. 19:6: ‘And I heard, as it were, the voice of a great multitude, as the sound of many waters and as the sound of mighty thunderings, saying, “Alleluia! For the Lord God Omnipotent reigns!” ‘ “

  • John MacArthur, John MacArthur Commentary (quoted Scripture without bold/italics)

Revelation 19:1-6 ‘Prelude to the Final Victory’: “Entering into Revelation chapter 19, the heavenly rejoicing over the demise of Babylon continues. Four Hallelujahs are sounded. ‘Hallelujah! Salvation and glory and power belong to our God’ (verse 1). The Hebrew Word Hallelujah is a compound term that means ‘praise the ever-existing One!’ This same exclamation is used at the end of some of the Psalms. The early church congregations picked up the word as used in the Jewish synagogues.”

  • Tim LaHaye and Ed Hindson, Exploring Bible Prophecy

Revelation 19:2 ‘judgments’: “Saints long for the day of judgment (cf. 6:10; 16:7; Is. 9:7; Jer. 23:5). Godly people love righteousness and hate sin, because righteousness honors God and sin mocks Him. Believers long for a world of justice, and it will come (v. 15; 2:27; 12:5).”

  • John MacArthur, John MacArthur Commentary (quoted Scripture without bold/italics)

Revelation 19:6 ‘God’s all-Powerful Presence’: “Out of a shining jewel case of luminous texts on the omnipotence of God—and there are many—l have chosen four. To Abraham (then called Abram) God said, ‘l am the Almighty God’ (Genesis 17:1). Our Lord Jesus said, positively, ‘with God all things are possible’ (Matthew 19:26). And the angel who appeared to Mary turned it around and said it negatively ‘With God nothing shall be impossible’ (Luke 1:37). Finally, we hear the voice of the great multitude: ‘Alleluia: for the Lord God omnipotent reigneth.’
“l suppose the first thing to do would be to define omnipotence. It comes, of course, from omni, meaning ‘all,’ and potent, meaning ‘able to do and to have power.’ And so omnipotent means ‘able to do all and to have all power.’ It means having all the potency there is.
“Then we come to a second word, Almighty, which is also in one of these Scripture passages. Now that means exactly the same thing as omnipotent, only it is from the Anglo-Saxon, while omnipotent is from the Latin. In the Bible, the word Almighty is used fifty-six times and is never used about anyone else but God. In our English Bible the word omnipotent is only used once and it refers to God. And there’s a reason for this. Almighty means ‘having an infinite and absolute plenitude of power.’ When you use the words infinite and absolute you can only be talking about one person—God.”

  • A. W. Tozer, The Attributes of God II

Revelation 19:7-10 ‘The Marriage of the Lamb’: “To understand Revelation 19:7-10, we must first look at some promises made to the church. Christ said He was going to prepare a place in heaven for His disciples, and that He would come back to take them there (John 14:3). This promise was not only for the apostles, but also includes all future generations of Christians. Added to this is the promise that someday believers will be changed, by the resurrection or the rapture, and be taken to glory ‘in a moment, in the twinkling of an eye, at the last trumpet’ (1 Corinthians 15:51-52). Paul explains this great hope further in 1 Thessalonians 4:14-17. Those who have died in Jesus will go first when the trumpet of God is sounded, and then ‘we who are alive and remain will be caught up together with them in the clouds to meet the Lord in the air’ (verse 17).”

  • Tim LaHaye and Ed Hindson, Exploring Bible Prophecy

Revelation 19:7 ‘marriage of the Lamb’: “Hebrew weddings consisted of three phases: (1) betrothal (often when the couple were children); (2) presentation (the festivities, often lasting several days, that preceded the ceremony); and (3) the ceremony (the exchanging of vows). The church was betrothed to Christ by His sovereign choice in eternity past (Eph. 1:4; Heb. 13:20) and will be presented to Him at the rapture (John 14:1—3; 1 Thess. 4:13-18). The final supper will signify the end of the ceremony. This symbolic meal will take place at the establishment of the millennial kingdom and last throughout that 1,000-year period (cf. 21:2). While the term bride often refers to the church, and does so here (2 Cor. 11:2; Eph. 5:22-24), it ultimately expands to include all the redeemed of all ages, which becomes clear in the remainder of Revelation.”

  • John MacArthur, John MacArthur Commentary (quoted Scripture without bold/italics)

Revelation 19:9 ‘The Lamb at the Marriage Feast’: At first sight it may seem incongruous to blend these two things together—the Lamb and a marriage feast. But the incongruity of figures must sometimes be allowed in order to make more apparent some significant truth of God. I gather that Christ, even in his highest glory, still wishes us to regard him as the sacrifice for sin. Since he delights to remember that he was our sacrifice, so does he appear as a Lamb in the marriage feast. He links the memory of his grief with the manifestation of his glory The marriage supper is a feast of love—there love is at home. So Jesus, that he may reveal himself in his love best of all, appears as a bleeding sacrifice on the day of his love’s triumph.
“This marriage feast will be the bringing of the people of God into the closest and happiest union with Christ their Lord in glory. Even now the Lord Jesus Christ is no stranger to some of us, and we are not strangers to him. Yet a day will come when we will see him face-to-face, and then we will know him with a clearer and fuller knowledge than is possible for us today. That feast will be, like most other marriage feasts, the fulfillment of long expectation. We do not know the longings of the heart of Christ for that day of glory. For this he lived. For this he died.”

  • Charles H. Spurgeon, from sermon notes

Revelation 19:11-16 ‘The Second Coming of Christ’: “Here we come to the most dramatic passage in all the Bible: the description of Jesus Christ’s triumphal return to earth on a white horse. In verses 11-16 we are swept into the triumphal entourage of the redeemed saints as they follow Christ riding forth from heaven. The Lord Jesus, the One who is ‘called Faithful and True’ (see Revelation 3:7,14), will come to earth to make war ‘in righteousness.’ As the apostle Paul predicted, He will come ‘in flaming fire, dealing out retribution to those who do not know God’ (2 Thessalonians 1:7). The ‘flame of fire’ in Jesus’ eyes represents His perfect discernment for judgment, and the ‘many diadems’ on His head represent His authority and His right to rule. He has a ‘name written upon Him which no one knows except Himself.’ No one has ever seen Christ in this light before—He now comes as the King of kings, the absolute monarch who brings forth judgment.”

  • Tim LaHaye and Ed Hindson, Exploring Bible Prophecy

Revelation 19:11-15 ‘The Appearance of God’: By this time, all the nations of the earth have gathered in that battlefield called Armageddon, in the land of Israel, and this is where the Son of God appears with the armies of heaven. Now at last, all the supernatural forces—forces that human beings have so  long and arrogantly denied—suddenly reveal themselves to human eyes in such a way as to eliminate all the opposition of entrenched evil against the will and authority of God.”

  • Ray C. Stedman, Adventuring Through the Bible

Revelation 19:11 ‘Faithful and True’: Jesus Christ has mighty power today, a power that none can measure. He was crucified in weakness. But where is the weakness now? He gave his hands to the nails and his feet to be fastened to the wood. But he does so no longer. He comes to fight, but the fight is for peace. He comes to destroy, but it is to destroy his people’s enemies. He comes as a conqueror, but it is as a delivering conqueror who scatters roses where he rides, breaking only the oppressor but blessing the citizens whom he emancipates.”

  • Charles H. Spurgeon, from sermon notes

Revelation 19:13 ‘a robe dipped in blood’: “This is not from the battle of Armageddon, which will not have begun until verse 15. Christ’s blood-spattered garments symbolize the great battles He has already fought against sin, Satan, and death and been stained with the blood of His enemies. The Word. Only John uses this title for the Lord … As the Word of God, Jesus is the image of the invisible God (Col. 1:15); the express image of His person (Heb. 1:3); and the final, full revelation from God (Heb. 1:1, 2).”

  • John MacArthur, John MacArthur Commentary (quoted Scripture without bold/italics)

Revelation 19:16 ‘King of kings and Lord of lords’: ”This is the man of Nazareth. This is the crucified, despised, and rejected one. Servant of servants but now King of kings and Lord of lords. What will be the end of the battle he wages? Will any of his adversaries escape? Will they hold their own? No, they will be utterly destroyed before him. All the powers of evil will be destroyed.”

  • Charles H. Spurgeon, from sermon notes

Revelation 19:17-21 ‘The greatest holocaust in human history’: “These verses depict the frightening holocaust unparalleled in human history—the battle of Armageddon, the pinnacle of the Day of the Lord (see … 1 Thess. 5:2). It is not so much a battle as an execution, as the remaining rebels are killed by the Lord Jesus (v. 21; 14:19, 20; cf. Ps. 2:1—9; Is. 66:15, 16; Ezek. 39:1ff.; Joel 3:12ff.; Matt. 24, 25; 2 Thess. 1:7—9). This Day of the Lord was seen by Isaiah (66:15, 16), Joel (3:l2—21), Ezekiel (39:1-4, 17-20), Paul (2 Thess. 1:6ff.; 2:8) and our Lord (Matt. 25:31-46).”

  • John MacArthur, John MacArthur Commentary (quoted Scripture without bold/italics)

Revelation 19:17-21 ‘The Battle of Armageddon’: “We now come to the final confrontation between God and the forces of evil in the seven-year Tribulation. An angel standing in the brightness of the sun announces that a new day has come (verse I7). With a loud voice a call goes out to ‘all the birds which fly in midheaven, ‘Come, assemble for the great supper  of God’ (verse 17). An awful carnage is about to take place here—this is the battle of Armageddon (previewed in Revelation 16:16), in which the beast and the kings of the world take out their violent anger against the Jews, God’s people, in Jerusalem. However, these forces, gathered apparently from around the world, will be stopped at the plain of Megiddo.”

  • Tim LaHaye and Ed Hindson, Exploring Bible Prophecy

Revelation 19:19 ‘coalition of godless governments’: “The beast who collaborates with the kings of the earth (19:19) is the woman who was judged (17:18) and the first beast that John saw (13:1-8). It represents the godless governments of the world. The false prophet (19:20) was first mentioned in 16:13 and is probably to be identified with the second beast John saw (13:11-18) and represents apostate religion. Together they conspire to overthrow God, Christ, and his saints on earth, through the Antichrist who embodies all the evil that is in the world. The insane rebellion does not succeed. The beast and the false prophet are cast into the lake of fire in fulfillment of Daniel’s words (Dan. 7:11). They will be joined by the devil, whose time of judgment has not yet arrived (Rev. 20:10), as well as all of death, hades, and those whose names are not written in the book of life (20:14-15). The remainder of the armies that rose up against God were slain by the sword of Christ’s mouth. In response to the angel’s call the birds of the air gather over this melancholy scene to perform the gruesome task allotted to them.”

  • Walter A. Elwell, editor, Baker Commentary on the Bible

Revelation 20:1-3 ‘Satan Bound during the Kingdom’: “Following Armageddon, an angel will come from heaven with ‘the key of the abyss and a great chain’ (verse I) and bind Satan ‘for a thousand years’ (verse 2). The angel will throw Satan into the abyss ‘and shut it and sealed it over him, so that he should not deceive the nations any longer, until the thousand years were completed’ (verse 3). Afterward, Satan ‘must be released for a short time.’ ”

  • Tim LaHaye and Ed Hindson, Exploring Bible Prophecy

Revelation 20:2 ‘laid hold’: “This includes not only Satan, but the demons as well. Their imprisonment will dramatically alter the world during the kingdom, since their destructive influence in all areas of human thought and life will be removed. dragon. Likening Satan to a dragon emphasizes his ferocity and cruelty (see … 12:3). serpent of old. A reference to Satan’s first appearance in the Garden of Eden (Gen. 3:1ff.), where he deceived Eve (cf. 2 Cor. 11:3; 1 Tim. 2:14) … a thousand years. This is the first of six references to the length of the millennial kingdom (cf. vv. 3, 4, 5, 6, 7). There are three main views of the duration and nature of this period: (1) Premillennialism sees this as a literal 1,000-year period during which Jesus Christ, in fulfillment of numerous OT prophecies (e.g., 2 Sam. 7:12-16; Ps. 2; Is. 11:6-12; 24:23; Hos. 3:4, 5; Joel 3:9-21; Amos 9:8-15; Mic. 4:1—8; Zeph. 3:14-20; Zech. 14:1—11; Matt. 24:29-31, 36—44), reigns on the earth. Using the same general principles of interpretation for both prophetic and nonprophetic passages leads most naturally to premillennialism. Another strong argument supporting this view is that so many biblical prophecies have already been literally fulfilled, suggesting that future prophecies will likewise be fulfilled lit. (2) Postmillennialism understands the reference to a 1,000-year period as only symbolic of a golden age of righteousness and spiritual prosperity. It will be ushered in by the spread of the gospel during the present church age and brought to completion when Christ returns. According to this view, references to Christ’s reign on earth primarily describe His spiritual reign in the hearts of believers in the church. (3) Amillennialism understands the 1,000 years to be merely symbolic of a long period of time. This view interprets OT prophecies of a Millennium as being fulfilled spiritually now in the church (either on earth or in heaven) or as references to the eternal state. Using the same literal, historical, grammatical principles of interpretation so as to determine the normal sense of language, one is left with the inescapable conclusion that Christ will return and reign in a real kingdom on earth for 1,000 years. There is nothing in the text to render the conclusion that ‘a thousand years’ is symbolic. Never in Scripture when ‘year’ is used with a number is its meaning not literal (see … 2 Pet. 3:8).”

  • John MacArthur, John MacArthur Commentary (quoted Scripture without bold/italics)

Revelation 20:3 ‘bottomless pit’: “All seven times that this appears in Revelation, it refers to the place where fallen angels and evil spirits are kept captive, waiting to be sent to the lake of fire—-the final hell prepared for them (Matt. 25:41). released for a little while. Satan will be released so God can make a permanent end of sin before establishing the new heaven and earth. All who survive the Tribulation and enter the kingdom will be believers. However, despite that and the personal presence and rule of the Lord Jesus Christ, many of their descendants will refuse to believe in Him. Satan will then gather those unbelievers for one final, futile rebellion against God. It will be quickly and decisively crushed, followed by the Great White Throne judgment and the establishment of the eternal state.”

  • John MacArthur, John MacArthur Commentary (quoted Scripture without bold/italics)

Revelation 20:4-6 ‘The First Resurrection for the Kingdom’: “There is more than one resurrection mentioned in the Bible, though some people attempt to place the different resurrections into one event that includes the church saints, Old Testament saints, and Tribulation saints all rising from the grave together. The first resurrection, which will take place at the time of the rapture, is for the church, or those who ‘have fallen asleep in Jesus’ (1 Thessalonians 4:14). Old Testament saints are promised a resurrection to everlasting life. This will occur when Israel’s Messiah comes to rule over the kingdom of His father David. Daniel was promised that he would see that day: ‘As for you [Daniel], go your way to the end; then you will enter into rest and rise again for your allotted portion at the end of the age’ (Daniel 12:13). LaHaye points out three phases to this resurrection: 1) church age saints, 2) Old Testament saints, and 3) Tribulation saints (Revelation Illustrated and Made Plain, p. 281).”

  • Tim LaHaye and Ed Hindson, Exploring Bible Prophecy

Revelation 20:4 ‘the souls of those who had been beheaded’: “These are tribulation martyrs (cf. 6:9; 18:24; 19:2). The Greek word translated ‘beheaded’ became a general term for execution, not necessarily a particular method. his mark. See … 13:16. Tribulation martyrs will be executed for refusing the mark of the beast. reigned. Tribulation believers, along with the redeemed from both the OT and NT eras, will reign with Christ (1 Cor. 6:2; 2 Tim. 2:12) during the 1,000-year kingdom.”

  • John MacArthur, John MacArthur Commentary (quoted Scripture without bold/italics)

Revelation 20:7-10 ‘The Final Rebellion and Victory’: “Following the 1000-year reign of Christ, Satan will be ‘released from his prison’ (verse 7). He will go out to deceive the nations to turn against Christ and ‘the camp of the saints and the beloved city,’ which would be Jerusalem (verse 9).”

  • Tim LaHaye and Ed Hindson, Exploring Bible Prophecy

Revelation 20:7 ‘Satan … released’: “He is loosed to bring cohesive leadership to the world of rebels born to the believers who entered the kingdom at the beginning. He is loosed to reveal the character of Christ-rejecting sinners who are brought into judgment for the last time ever.”

  • John MacArthur, John MacArthur Commentary (quoted Scripture without bold/italics)

Revelation 20:8 ‘Gog and Magog’: “The name given to the army of rebels and its leader at the end of the Millennium. They were names of ancient enemies of the Lord. Magog was the grandson of Noah (Gen. 10:2) and founder of a kingdom located north of the Black Sea and the Caspian Sea. Gog is apparently the leader of a rebel army known collectively as Magog. The battle depicted in verses 8 and 9 is like the one in Ezekiel 38 and 39; it is best to see this one as taking place at the end of the Millennium. For the difference, see … Ezekiel 38, 39.”

  • John MacArthur, John MacArthur Commentary (quoted Scripture without bold/italics)

Revelation 20:10 ‘deceived’: “Just as his demons will entice the world’s armies into the battle of Armageddon, Satan will draw them into a suicidal assault against Christ and His people (16:13, 14). …tormented day and night. See … 14:11. Continuous, unrelieved torment will be the final state of Satan, fallen angels, and unredeemed men.”

  • John MacArthur, John MacArthur Commentary (quoted Scripture without bold/italics)

Revelation 20:11-16 ‘Great White Throne Judgment’: “The very description of the Great White Throne judgment gives the impression of a judgment that is pure, righteous, and fair in the verdicts handed down to sinners. This is not a judgment for believers because the matter of the positional judgment of God is a settled issue for all those who have trusted in Christ for salvation. LaHaye emphasizes, ‘This judgment of the Great White Throne is for unbelievers only’ (Revelation Illustrated and Made Plain, p. 300). Paul writes, ‘There is therefore now no condemnation for those who are in Christ Jesus” (Romans 8:1).”

  • Tim LaHaye and Ed Hindson, Exploring Bible Prophecy

Revelation 20:11 ‘A Great White Throne’: ”John saw a scene of the last day—that wondrous day whose coming none can tell. There is a throne of moral government over humanity, and he who sits on it presides over all the inhabitants of this world. We are not without a governor, lawgiver, and judge. This world is not left so that people may do as they will, without a legislator, without an avenger, without one to give reward or to inflict punishment. The sinner in his blindness sees no throne; therefore, he cries, ‘I will live as I like, for there is none to call me to account.’ But John, with illuminated eyes, distinctly saw a throne and a personal ruler on it, who sat there to call his subjects to account. When our faith looks through the glass of revelation, it sees a throne too. It would be well for us it we felt more fully the influence of that ever-present throne and the one seated on it who will carry out his judgment before long. Are we ready to meet that last great day?”

  • Charles H. Spurgeon, from sermon notes

Revelation 20:14-15 ‘Fire in Hell’: “People worry about whether there is fire in hell or not. l have no reason not to believe it; what the Bible says I take as the truth. I would not hesitate to refer to the fires of hell, for the Scripture talks about the ‘lake of fire.’ But if there were no fire in hell, if hell were a habitable country, it still would be the ugliest country in the universe, the most shockingly deformed place that is known in the creation because there is none of the perfection of beauty. Only God is absolutely perfect.”

  • A. W. Tozer, The Attributes of God I

Coffee and Revelation – Introduction
In going to the website of the Wee Flea, you can search for any episodes of “Coffee and Revelation” that may have been uploaded pertaining to these chapters.  At the time this post was published, Rev. Robertson had not finished his video series.

My Thoughts

I started the scholarly quotes with Rev. MacArthur’s list of Revelation Hymns.  Since there are four of these hymns in Revelation 19, I found it appropriate, but it definitely gives us an indication that we will praise God a lot in Heaven.  Why not?  Without Him, we would not be there.

Then near the end of Revelation 19, it is announced that all who are invited to the wedding of the Lamb are blessed.  Note the Rev. Spurgeon quote that it is Jesus as the Lamb that is being married, instead of the triumphant King of kings.  It focuses on why this End Times triumph is even possible.

Then we come to Christ’s return, but the rider of the white horse is called Faithful and True.  On His thigh and robe he is called The King of kings and Lord of lords.  His tongue is a double-edged sword and all these armies that have amassed against Him are slain.  So much the slaughter that Jesus enlists the birds of the air to eat the flesh of those who have fallen.  In other words, there is no way to bury them all.

Some might think this is a tattoo, but we are going by what the Apostle John saw, and John had never seen a man wearing pants before.  Yet, with God involved, words can appear on someone’s thigh without a tattoo artist ever touching the thigh.

Note that the Beast and the False Prophet are thrown into the Lake of Fire.  Then the kings, generals, etc. are killed and the birds have their feast.  And then Satan is captured and thrown into the Abyss in the next chapter.  The False Prophet used the religions of the earth to deify the Beast.  The Beast ordered the nation’s leaders (kings) to form an army to rebel against God.  So the two ring leaders are sent into the Lake of Fire first, but a few days or even one thousand years makes no difference when we speak of eternity.

But early in Revelation 20, Satan is in the Abyss for 1,000 years.  Jesus reigns.  Old Testament prophecies are fulfilled in total.  The entire world worships Jesus.

But at the end of the thousand years, Satan is released.  He lures some people away from Jesus.  He enlists Gog of Magog to lead the army and then as they attack, they are destroyed by fire.  Could this be a massive electrical storm?  Whatever it is, it happens lightning fast, and Satan is captured and cast into the Lake of Fire.

At this point, the Lake of Fire has three residents mentioned, but as the scholarly comments go above, it probably means the demons, the third of the angels also.

The Great White Throne is then seen by the Apostle John.  He speaks of those who are in the Book of Life that do not have to appear before this judgment.  Their salvation is secure.  But other books are opened and all those who rejected Jesus on earth in the first life are brought before the Great White Throne.

Note:  The photo above is of the Great White Throne in Zion National Park.  With the move to remove any connection with God, they may have already changed the name of the mountain.  But when this photo was taken, it was a religious experience with several mountain features named after biblical people or places.  My first memory of the park was of the three mountains all in a row known as the Three Patriarchs.  My first visit was in 1968 and my father and I talked about the significance of all the biblical names as we traveled everywhere – back when you drove your own car rather than parking and taking a bus.

But the Great White Throne (the one in Heaven, not in Utah) Judgment will not be a welcome sight.  Those who are saved are safe, but those who are not will have to account for all their deeds.  Then death and Hades are thrown into the Lake of Fire.  I like that.  Death is thrown into the Lake of Fire.  I think the fallen angels, at least some who had been captured and sent to Hades (or the demons there) will enter the Lake of Fire at this point.  But they will be followed by those who are not in the Book of Life.

This idea of both sin and death going into the Lake of Fire became pinpricks to my soul when I watched the movie To End All Wars recently.  My movie review is coming up on Saturday and it has a few spoilers, but there was so much sin, death, and pain in that movie of a Japanese POW camp that I felt the moment of sin, death and Hades being cast into the Lake of Fire.  At that moment, I needed that reassurance of the Hope in Jesus Christ.

We are saved.  That means we are saved FROM something and TO something.  Those who are not saved will spend eternity in agony in the Lake of Fire.  Those of us, who are saved, are saved from that, but we are saved to be with Jesus forever.  As C. S. Lewis wrote, he knew of no one who had a life-giving belief in Heaven that did not also believe that unrepentant sinners will go to Hell.

Some Serendipitous Reflections

Revelation 19, Hallelujah: “1.What are four things for which you are extremely grateful to God’? How do you usually express your gratitude to him about these things?
“2. How has your interest in worshiping God increased or decreased in the last year? Since beginning your study of Revelation? Why?
“3. What sounds of worship do you really appreciate? Why? How will you use them this week to worship God?
“4. How does the defeat and condemnation of Babylon and the triumph and glory of the Lord God affect your overall view of your problems here and now? What is one problem you hope to manage more confidently and joyfully as a result of your study of Revelation?
Revelation 19, the Second Coming of Christ: “1. What hopes and fears does this triumphant picture bring out in you? Why? How has Jesus been your deliverer this year?
Revelation 20: 1. What do you find comforting in this chapter? What disturbs you? Why?
“2. What is your biggest spiritual battle today? What is the outcome so far? What is the hope in this passage for you?
“3. Imagine a book made of your life, with every thought and deed recorded, then read by all. How would you feel? If Christ edited that book by substituting his works for yours, how would you feel then? How will you then live today?”

  • Lyman Coleman, et al, The NIV Serendipity Bible for Study Groups

There are two sets of questions for chapter 19 and one set of questions for chapter 20.

Substitute whatever group for any reference to a small group or ask who could come to your aid.

If you like these Thursday morning Bible studies, but you think you missed a few, you can use this LINK. I have set up a page off the home page for links to these Thursday morning posts. I will continue to modify the page as I add more.

Soli Deo Gloria.  Only to God be the Glory.

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