Vespers – Spurgeon’s Question 33

See what great love the Father has lavished on us, that we should be called children of God! And that is what we are! The reason the world does not know us is that it did not know him.

  • 1 John 3:1

he predestined us for adoption to sonship through Jesus Christ, in accordance with his pleasure and will

  • Ephesians 1:5

But when the set time had fully come, God sent his Son, born of a woman, born under the law, to redeem those under the law, that we might receive adoption to sonship.  Because you are his sons, God sent the Spirit of his Son into our hearts, the Spirit who calls out, “Abba, Father.”

  • Galatians 4:4-6

Yet to all who did receive him, to those who believed in his name, he gave the right to become children of God—

  • John 1:12

The one who is victorious I will make a pillar in the temple of my God. Never again will they leave it. I will write on them the name of my God and the name of the city of my God, the new Jerusalem, which is coming down out of heaven from my God; and I will also write on them my new name.

  • Revelation 3:12

“I will be a Father to you,
    and you will be my sons and daughters,
says the Lord Almighty.”

  • 2 Corinthians 6:18

As a father has compassion on his children,
    so the Lord has compassion on those who fear him;

  • Psalm 103:13

Whoever fears the Lord has a secure fortress,
    and for their children it will be a refuge.

  • Proverbs 14:26

For the pagans run after all these things, and your heavenly Father knows that you need them.

  • Matthew 6:32

We do not want you to become lazy, but to imitate those who through faith and patience inherit what has been promised.

  • Hebrews 6:12

“Q. 33. What is adoption?
“A. Adoption is an act of God’s free grace (1 John 3:1), whereby we are received into the number, and have a right to all the privileges of the sons of God. (John 1:12, Rom. 8:17).”

  • Charles H. Spurgeon, Spurgeon’s Catechism (Scripture proofs in bold above)

“Q. 34. What is adoption?
“A. Adoption is an act of God’s free grace, whereby we are received into the number, and have a right to all the privileges, of the sons of God.”

  • The Shorter Catechism (Westminster Assembly)

“Q. 74. What is adoption?
“A. Adoption is an act of the free grace of God, in and for his only Son Jesus Christ, whereby all those that are justified are received into the number of his children, have his name put upon them, the Spirit of his Son given to them, are under his Fatherly care and dispensations, admitted to all the liberties and privileges of the sons of God, made heirs of all the promises, and fellow heirs with Christ in glory.”

  • The Larger Catechism (Westminster Assembly)

Again, the Larger Catechism is larger, and added nine extra passages to explain the expanded information.  The Spurgeon Catechism and the Shorter Catechism are identical even in their biblical proofs.

So, what is “adoption?”  God wishes us to be sons of God.  All those who are justified are also adopted and are heirs of the promises that God makes.  And we know that God keeps His promises.

We could have been promised just Heaven, saved from Hell.  Then we would be a small thing in a really nice place.

But no, God promises us that we are His children.  That is why He looks over us here on earth.  He allows us our free will, but He guides us when we are tempted and we stray.  That may not be the way your earthly father did things.  Mine? Definitely not.  But God reigns supreme, and His will be done.

And now let us sing.

The following song, Children of the Heavenly King is sung by “TheNCrew.”  This seems to be a site teaching hymns.  This is an old hymn from the mid 18th Century.  The tune is to Playel’s Hymn.  If you want to sing along with bagpipes, there are bagpipe versions on the Internet.

Children of the heavenly King,
As we journey let us sing;
Sing our Savior’s worthy praise,
Glorious in His works and ways,
2 We are traveling home to God,
In the way our fathers trod;
They are happy now, and we
Soon their happiness shall see,
3 Fear not, brethren; joyful stand
On the borders of our land;
Jesus Christ, our Father’s Son,
Bids us undismayed go on,
4 Lord, obediently we’ll go,
Gladly leaving all below;
Only Thou our leader be,
And we still will follow Thee.”

  • John Cennick, Nothing but the Blood

Closing Prayer

Dear Lord,
We need You.  It is a humbling thought that we can call You, Father. And all of this because You love us.
In thy Name we pray.

Soli Deo Gloria.  Only to God be the Glory.

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